Drainpipe

Fri Jan 13, 1: Sure it’s nice be able to identify the batch for the manufacturer when we’re discussing it with them but do the dates really matter beyond that? Yes, there are changes with age but the interval between noticeable differences gets longer and longer. Plus there are batch to batch differences with many that obscure the effects of age. Plus with some we don’t have a clue as to their age with the manufacturer before the tinned date stamp is applied. Take McClelland’s for example. I always thought it was odd that the bulk tobaccos really change over the first little while but the contents of tins don’t.

Short Strand explosion believed to be a pipe bomb

The alert ended just before 6pm on Sunday. Chief Constable George Hamiliton said enquiries are ongoing to find the “callous and violent” culprits. This is the action of a small and callous group of violent people who have nothing to offer our communities other than fear and intimidation.

In its short existence, I’ve become a great fan of Yahoo!Pipes, but until very recently it did have a fundamental problem dates. If you took a bunch of RSS feeds and combined them together and then tried to sort by date well, you had a problem.

Justin Pipe has been forced to deny allegations Image: Could not subscribe, try again laterInvalid Email Justin Pipe has denied trying to put his opponent off by coughing on stage at the World Darts Championship. Pipe saw off Bernie Smith in his first-round clash, setting up a prestigious second-round meeting with the retiring Phil Taylor in the process.

However, footage of him coughing on stage as Smith threw his darts has since emerged and prompted Sky Sports pundit and former World Championship semi-finalist Wayne Mardle to say: Sky Sports Mardle went on to say it was “disgusting” but world number 27 Pipe has moved to defend himself, saying Smith had no issue and that his only focus is facing Taylor. Pipe says his actions have been misinterpreted Image: PA “I would never do something to put another player off and Bernie didn’t say anything to me on the night.

As far as I’m aware there is no issue from his side and this has been blown out of proportion. It’s an honour to be playing him in his final tournament and I want to concentrate on that match.

pipes

Pleasant This tobacco was good so good, that it reminded me of a time long ago The Year is June was the rainy season for ‘Nam. I had been given some leave time from my base in Saigon and so I went to explore the City, like usual, my buddies didnt get leave, but I hoped to find some more GI’s in some of the local bars.

It was unseasonably dry that day.

VINYL RECORDS AND CD MARKETPLACE LPs, 45s, hard to find and out of print music from record stores worldwide.

Thumbnails Detail Comments The manufacture of clay pipes for smoking began in Britain about , a few years after the introduction of tobacco from America. The earliest forms of pipe were made from kaolin clay white ball clay and it is likely their form was adapted from those used by the American Indians. Since then, clay pipes manufactured within the British Isles continued to be made from kaolin clays which has the advantage over other clays of giving the pipe a uniformly white colour after firing and less shrinkage.

Dating clay pipes As a result of research and archaeological excavations, clay pipes can generally be dated to within 20 years or so and as such are now important artefacts used in dating archaeological layers. Criteria for dating clay pipes were developed based on their bowl size and shape as well as stem bore diameters. Stem bore diameters were greatest in the earliest pipes and narrowing with regularity over the following years. By , stem bore diameters had stabilised and so this method for dating pipes is not applicable to pipes manufactured after c.

The size and shape of the bowl can also be another way to broadly date clay pipes. The earliest pipe bowls were hardly any wider then their stem whereas by the bowl had increased to a more bulbous form with a greater capacity to hold more tobacco.

Pipe and Tobacco Collectors Blog: What has happened to the “old” Charatans

Organ pipes are made from either wood or metal [42] and produce sound “speak” when air under pressure “wind” is directed through them. The greater the length of the pipe, the lower its resulting pitch will be. Hence a pipe’s volume cannot be readily changed while playing. Organ pipes are divided into flue pipes and reed pipes according to their design and timbre.

Apr 12,  · I’ve been looking up the various ways to try and determine tobacco age from tin dates. Not to be confused with archival/artist tin dating, but more concerned with the contents.

You can help by adding to it. December Inlayed Pipe Bowl with Two Faces, early 19th century, Brooklyn Museum Some Native American cultures smoke tobacco in ceremonial pipes , and have done so since long before the arrival of Europeans. Other American Indian cultures smoke tobacco socially. Tobacco was introduced to Europe from the Americas in the 16th century and spread around the world rapidly. As tobacco was not introduced to the Old World until the 16th century, [2] the older pipes outside of the Americas were usually used to smoke various other substances, including hashish , a rare and expensive substance outside areas of the Middle East, Central Asia and India, where it was then produced.

Typically this is accomplished by connecting a refractory ‘bowl’ to some sort of ‘stem’ which extends and may also cool the smoke mixture drawn through the combusting organic mass see below. Parts[ edit ] Parts of a pipe include the 1 bowl, 2 chamber, 3 draught hole, 4 shank, 5 mortise, 6 tenon, 7 stem, 8 bit or mouthpiece , 9 lip, and 10 bore. The broad anatomy of a pipe typically comprises mainly the bowl and the stem. The bowl 1 which is the cup-like outer shell, the part hand-held while packing, holding and smoking a pipe, is also the part “knocked” top-down to loosen and release impacted spent tobacco.

Online Dating Site

Reynolds Tobacco Company R. Reynolds is still one of the largest tobacco companies around, but as early as the late s the company was already a major player in the tobacco industry. The company was founded in when R. Reynolds himself moved to Winston-Salem, N. Reynolds used new technologies like steam power and machinery to grow his business and buy up other competitors. The Prince Albert brand was very popular and is still sold today for pipe smoking.

Dating clay pipes As a result of research and archaeological excavations, clay pipes can generally be dated to within 20 years or so and as such are now important artefacts used in dating archaeological layers. Criteria for dating clay pipes were developed based on .

How to Pack, Light, and Enjoy a Tobacco Pipe For many societies throughout history, pipe smoking was and is a sacred ritual. It was an important part of their traditions and cultural heritage. In more modern times, gentlemen would smoke a pipe as a way to unwind and relax, or as a refined stimulation to intellectual pursuits like reading and writing.

While certainly not strictly necessary, having a pipe roll, or simply a way to organize your supplies, is very handy. What you see above is simply a waxed canvas utility roll with six or so pockets. Before I got it, my supplies were everywhere, and it was a pain to remember where everything was to wrangle it all up. Plus, it just looks nice. Finally, you have the corn cob variety, which you can even make yourself. The argument for straight is that some people prefer its look, and the bowl sits higher, which keeps smoke out of your face a little better.

What I use now, and what I recommend to friends who ask, is actually a corn cob pipe with a curved stem from Missouri Meerschaum. The price tag is cheap, but the smoking is great.

Beginner’s Guide to Smoking a Pipe

Artifacts as time markers Pipe stem dating The clay pipe industry expanded rapidly as tobacco smoking gained popularity in both England and America. Historical archeologists excavating English colonial sites often find pieces of white clay smoking pipes on their sites. In the s J. Harrington studied the thousands of pipe stems excavated at Jamestown and other colonial Virginia sites, noticing a definite relationship between the diameter of the pipe stem bore—or hole—and the age of the pipe of which it had been part.

Dating hardcastle pipes – Find a woman in my area! Free to join to find a woman and meet a man online who is single and looking for you. Rich woman looking for older woman & younger man. I’m laid back and get along with everyone. Looking for an old soul like myself. I’m a woman. My interests include staying up late and taking naps. If you are a middle-aged woman looking to have a good time.

Clay pipes were first developed in the early 17th century and were in use into the late 19th century. It is a small fragment of the upper wall and rim of the bowl mouth. The fragment incorporates a design motif consisting of upturned flames that would have originated lower on the bowl , and a decorative band around the rim.

A mold seam is present indicating that this piece comes from the back of the bowl closest to the stem. The decorative elements are molded, not incised. Decorative molded pipe bowls like these became common after and were evolving into more elaborate forms after Following Oswald , the morphology of this bowl fragment is suggestive of Type 13 Thin, short bowls, flared mouth…flat spurs which after c.

Because the fragment is small, there is some ambiguity in the type. Though less likely, the steepness of the rear wall suggests that it might also be of several other types that were in use between and If the former match is correct, then the presences of a seam makes it likely that the pipe fragment was manufactured between and During that period there were few sources for Samoans to obtain imported kaolin tobacco pipes.

Pipe band

Englishmate New York explosion updates: Here are the live updates. Dec 12,

Nov 02,  · The keys for dating post-war to era Charatan pipes are the presence or absence of serifs (i.e., short lines stemming from and at an angle to the upper and lower ends of a letter) on the CP stamp, the presence or absence of the Lane “L” on tapered and early saddle bit stems, and the presence or absence of the renowned Double Comfort bit.

Michael Barone makes personal appearances here and there, and would love to greet you at one of these upcoming events: February , Michael catches up with the second half of the International Organ and Early Music Festival in Oaxaca, but you can partake of the entire adventure. You can ‘meet Michael’ in places that few have a chance to visit, inside the marvelous, magnificent and monumental Wanamaker Grand Court Organ at Macy’s Philadelphia Department Store…via a superb behind-the-scenes visit with Wanamaker Organ curator Curt Mangel, via a detailed DVD that reveals much about this incredible music-making masterpiece.

An Amazing Organ Restoration Story: The inspiration for that catalog, and the devotion of its manager, was initiated years ago by the sound of a modest church organ in Brooklyn, an instrument that had been silent for more than a decade, but now lives again! The organ at Our Lady of Refuge Church is quite extraordinary, and its restoration revealed a surprisingly versatile instrument which, despite its modest specification, has been proven capable of playing a wide variety of music in an authoritative and compelling way.

Dunhill

Commentaries on the hobby of collecting pipes and tobaccos Wednesday, November 02, What has happened to the “old” Charatans? I’m not a collector of Charatan pipes though I do have one that is a great smoker. The question I have is, “What has happened to the ‘old’ Charatan pipes”? Where have they gone? You don’t find many ‘old’ Charatans on ebay!

This blend has been around forever, and has been enjoyed by many generations of pipe smokers. I looked up the date that it was first introduced to the market, and near as I .

Guide Alfred Dunhill began to manufacture briar smoking pipes in ; the famous white spot first appeared on top of the hand-cut vulcanite mouthpiece in in order that the customer should know which part faced upwards. At about this same time a one year guarantee against defects was offered on the bowl of each pipe, and to insure against far older Dunhill pipes being replaced under this guarantee a simple dating code, showing the year of manufacture, was devised and stamped onto each pipe bowl.

This code is still in use today. Over the ensuing years great interest has arisen over the “mystique” of the Dunhill pipe in general and the dating code in particular. Pipe collectors, especially in America, pride themselves on having acquired Dunhill pipes in prime condition which were made in the ‘s, ‘s and ‘s. Some collectors strive to acquire only those Dunhill pipes made between when Dunhill stopped buying bowls turned in France in favor of those turned in London at the newly opened Dunhill bowl-turning facility and the year of Alfred Dunhill’s retirement.

Consequently, much confusion has arisen over the dating code because it has not been standardized over the years, and seemingly minor differences in the code can mean a difference of years, even decades, in the manufacture of the pipe. Adding to this is the fact that the firm has used a great many special stampings depending on what part of the world to which their pipes were destined, and that sometimes these stampings or codes were used for only three or four months duration.

Leading to even greater confusion is that many pipes were simply stamped incorrectly; at times one part or another of the code is not to be found on a given pipe.

NPS Archeology Program: Archeology for Interpreters

Ooparts often frustrate conventional scientists, delight adventurous investigators open to alternative theories, and spark debate. There are also pipes under the lake bed and on the shore. The iron pipes range in size, with some smaller than a toothpick. The strangest part is that they may be about , years old.

In the s, the Brown Co. began manufacturing cellulose fibre (pitch impregnated) round gravity sewer pipe, and became a significant competitor to Orangeburg Pipe (manufactured by the Fibre Conduit Co., located in Orangeburg, NY).

Women and Pipes By Beth Maxwell Boyle Women Pipe smokers are rare today but female smoking was very popular in the 17th and 18th centuries. Respectable women were commonly seen smoking pipes in public. Many famous paintings exist of noble women of the period drinking in the smoke from a clay pipe. The middle classes were eager to enjoy this new pastime as well.

In the Elizabethan times clays were quite delicate with graceful thin bowls and long stems. The Dutch redesigned these clays by enlarging the bowl and lengthened the stem. Dutch, French and English women all enjoyed the “Indian Weed”. For centuries the favorite way of enjoying tobacco was to smoke it in clay pipes. As early as about pipes were being made in England, but by the 17th century Holland had become the dominant center for the manufacture of clay pipes.

DIANA’S DATING EXPERIENCE